A Catechism for Girls and Boys
compiled by Richard Cecil, 1798
PART I: QUESTIONS ABOUT GOD, MAN, AND SIN
Q1: Who made you?
A1: God made me (Genesis 1:26-27; Genesis 2:7; Ecclesiastes 12:1; Acts 17:24-29).
Q2: What else did God make?
A2: God made all things (Genesis 1; Acts 14:15; Romans 11:36; Colossians 1:16).
Q3: Why did God make you and all things?
A3: For his own glory (Psalm 19:1; Jeremiah 9:23-24; Revelation 4:11).
Q4: How can you glorify God?
A4: By loving him and doing what he commands (Ecclesiastes 12:13; Mark 12:29-31; John 15:8-10; 1 Corinthians 10:31).
Q5: Why ought you to glorify God?
A5: Because he made me and takes care of me (Romans 11:36; Revelation 4:11; Daniel 4:37).
Q6: Are there more gods than one?
A6: There is only one God (Deuteronomy 6:4; Jeremiah 10:10; Mark 12:29; Acts 17:22-31).
Q7: In how many persons does this one God exist?
In three persons (Matthew 3:16-17; John 5:23; John 10:30; John 14:9-10; John 15:26; John 16:13-15; 1John 5:20; Revelation 1:4-5).
Q8: Who are they?
A8: The Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit (Matthew 28:19; 2Corinthians 13:14; 1Peter 1:2; Jude 20-21).
Q9: Who is God?
A9: God is a Spirit, and does not have a body like men (John 4:24; 2Corinthians 3:17; 1Timothy 1:17).
Q10: Where is God?
A10: God is everywhere (Ps 139:7-12; Jer 23:23-24; Acts 17:27-28).
Q11: Can you see God?
A11: No. I cannot see God, but he always sees me (Exodus 33:20; John 1:18; 1Timothy 6:16; Psalm 139:1-5: Proverbs 5:21; Hebrews 4:12-13).
Q12: Does God know all things?
A12: Yes. Nothing can be hidden from God (1Chronicles 28:9; 2Chronicles 16:9; Luke 12:6, 7; Romans 2:16).
Q13: Can God do all things?
A13: Yes. God can do all his holy will (Psalm 147:5; Jeremiah 32:17; Daniel 4:34-35; Ephesians 1:11).
Q14: Where do you learn to love and obey God?
A14: In the Bible alone (Job 11:7; Psalm 119:104; Isaiah 8:20; Matthew 22:29; 2Timothy 3:15-17).
Q15: Who wrote the Bible?
A15: Holy men who were taught by the Holy Spirit (1Peter 1:20-21; Acts 1:16; 2Timothy 3:16; 1Peter 1:10-11).
Q16: Who were our first parents?
A16: Adam and Eve (Genesis 2:18-25; Genesis 3:20; Genesis 5:1-2; Acts 17:26; 1Timothy 2:13).
Q17: Of what were our first parents made?
A17: God made the body of Adam out of the ground and formed Eve from the body of Adam (Genesis 2:7; Genesis 21-23; Genesis 3:19; Psalm 103:14).
Q18: What did God give Adam and Eve besides their bodies?
A18: He gave them souls that could never die (1 Corinthians 15:45: Ecclesiastes 12:7; Zechariah 12:1).
Q19: Have you a soul as well as a body?
A19: Yes. I have a soul that can never die (Matthew 10:28; Mark 8:34- 38; Mark 12:30).
Q20: How do you know that you have a soul?
A20: Because the Bible tells me so (Matthew 10:28; Mark 8:34-38; Mark 12:30).
Q21: What is your soul?
A21: My soul Includes all of me that should know and love God (Mark 8:34-38; Ephesians 3:16-19).
Q22: In what condition did God make Adam and Eve?
A22: He made them holy and happy (Genesis 1:26-28; Psalm 8:4-8).
Q23: Did Adam and Eve stay holy and happy?
A23: No. They sinned against God (Genesis 3:1-7; Ecclesiastes 7:29; Hosea 6:7).
Q24: What was the sin of our first parents?
A24: Eating the forbidden fruit (Genesis 2:16-17; Genesis 3:6).
Q25: Why did they eat the forbidden fruit?
A25: Because they did not believe what God had said (Genesis 3:1-6; cf. Hebrews 11:6).
Q26: Who tempted them to sin?
A26: The devil tempted Eve, and she gave the fruit to Adam (Genesis 3:1-13; 2 Corinthians 11:3; 1Timothy 2:13-14; cf. Revelation 12:9).
Q27: What happened to our first parents when they had sinned?
A27: Instead of being holy and happy, they became sinful and miserable (Genesis 3:14-24; Genesis 4:1-24; James 1:14-15).
Q28: What effect did the sin of Adam have on all mankind?
A28: All mankind is born in a state of sin and misery (Psalm 51:5; Romans 5:12; Romans 5:18-19; 1 Corinthians 15:21-22; 1 John 5:19).
Q29: What did we inherit from Adam as a result of this original sin?
A29: A sinful nature (1 Kings 8:46; Psalm 14:2-3; Psalm 58:3; Ecclesiastes 9:3; Matthew 15:18-20; John 2:24-25; Romans 8:7).
Q30: What is sin?
A30: Sin is any transgression of the law of God (1 John 3:4; Romans 3:20; James 2:9-11).
Q31: What is meant by transgression?
A31: Doing what God forbids (1Samuel 13:8-14; 1Samuel 15:22-23; Hosea 6:7; Romans 1:21-32).
Q32: What does every sin deserve?
A32: The anger and judgment of God (Deuteronomy 27:26; Romans 1:18; Romans 2:2; Galatians 3:10; Ephesians 5:6).
Q33: Do we know what God requires of us?
A33: Yes, he has given us his law both in our hearts and in writing (Romans 2:14-15).
PART II: QUESTIONS ABOUT THE TEN COMMANDMENTS
Q34: How many commandments did God give Moses on Mt. Sinai?
A34: Ten commandments (Exodus 20:1-17; Deuteronomy 5:1-22).
Q35: What are the ten commandments sometimes called?
A35: God’s moral law (Luke 20:25-28; Romans 2:14-15; Romans 10:5).
Q36: What do the first four commandments teach?
A36: Our duty to God (Deuteronomy 6:5-6; Deuteronomy 10:12-13).
Q37: What do the last six commandments teach?
A37: Our duty to our fellow men (Deuteronomy 10:19; Micah 6:8; cf. Galatians 6:10).
Q38: What is the sum of the ten commandments?
A38: To love God with all my heart, and my neighbor as myself (Deuteronomy 6:1-15; Deuteronomy 11:1; Matthew 22:35-40; James 2:8).
Q39: Who is your neighbor?
A39: All my fellow men are my neighbors (Luke 6:35; Luke 10:25-37).
Q40: Is God pleased with those who love and obey him?
A40: Yes. He says, “I love them that love me.” (Proverbs 8:17; Exodus 20:6; 1 John 4:7-16).
Q41: Is God pleased with those who do not love and obey him?
A41: No. “God is angry with the wicked everyday.” (Psalm 7:11; Malachi 2:17; Proverbs 6:16-19; 1 Corinthians 16:22).
Q42: What is the first commandment?
A42: The first commandment is, “You shall have no other gods before me.” (Exodus 20:3; Deuteronomy 5:7).
Q43: What does the first commandment teach us?
A43: To worship God only (Isaiah 45:5-6; Matthew 4:10; Revelation 22:8-9).
Q44: What is the second commandment?
A44: The second commandment is, “You shall not make for yourself a carved image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth. You shall not bow down to them or serve them, for I the LORD your God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers on the children to the third and the fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing steadfast love to thousands of those who love me and keep my commandments” (Exodus 20:4-6; Deuteronomy 5:8-10).
Q45: What does the second commandment teach us?
A45: To worship God in the right way, and to avoid idolatry (Isaiah 44:9-20; Isaiah 46:5-9; John 4:23-24; Acts 17:29).
Q46: What is the third commandment?
A46: The third commandment is, “You shall not take the name of the LORD your God in vain, for the LORD will not hold him guiltless who takes his name in vain” (Exodus 20:7; Deuteronomy 5:11).
Q47: What does the third commandment teach us?
A47: To reverence God’s name, word, and works (Isaiah 8:13; Psalm 29:2; Psalm 138:2; Revelation 15:3-4).
Q48: What is the fourth commandment?
A48: The fourth commandment is, “Remember the Sabbath day, to keep it holy. Six days you shall labor, and do all your work, but the seventh day is a Sabbath to the LORD your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the sojourner who is within your gates. For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested on the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy” (Exodus 20:8-11; 23:12; Deuteronomy 5:12-15).
Q49: What does the fourth commandment teach us?
A49: To keep the Sabbath holy (Leviticus 19:20; Leviticus 23:3; Isaiah 58:13-14).
Q50: What day of the week is the Christian Sabbath?
A50: The first day of the week, called the Lord’s Day (Acts 20:7; Revelation 1:10).
Q51: Why is it called the Lord's Day?
A51: Because on that day Christ rose from the dead (Matthew 28:1; Mark 16:9; Luke 24:1-6; John 20:1).
Q52: How should the Sabbath be kept?
A52: In prayer and praise, in hearing and reading God’s Word, and in doing good to our fellow men (Isaiah 58:13-14; Acts 20:7; 1Corinthians 16:2; Luke 4:16; Matthew 12:10-13).
Q53: What is the fifth commandment?
A53: The fifth commandment is, “Honor your father and your mother, that your days may be long in the land that the LORD your God is giving you” (Exodus 20:12; Deuteronomy 5:16).
Q54: What does the fifth commandment teach us?
A54: To love and obey our parents (Matthew 15:3-6; Ephesians 6:1-3; Colossians 3:20).
Q55: What is the sixth commandment?
A55: The sixth commandment is, “You shalt not murder” (Exodus 20:13; Deuteronomy 5:17).
Q56: What does the sixth commandment teach us?
A56: To avoid hatred, all that leads to it, and all that follows from it (Matthew 5:21-24; 1John 3:15; James 4:1-3).
Q57: What is the seventh commandment?
A57: The seventh commandment is, “You shall not commit adultery” (Exodus 20:14; Deuteronomy 5:18).
Q58: What does the seventh commandment teach us?
A58: To be pure in heart, language and conduct (Matthew 5:27-28; Ephesians 5:3-5; Philippians 4:8-9).
Q59: What is the eighth commandment?
A59: The eighth commandment is, “You shall not steal” (Exodus 20:15; Deuteronomy 5:19).
Q60: What does the eighth commandment teach us?
A60: To be honest and not to take the things of others (Exodus 23:4; Proverbs 21:6-7; Ephesians 4:28).
Q61: What is the ninth commandment?
A61: The ninth commandment is, “You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor” (Exodus 20:16; Deuteronomy 5:20).
Q62: What does the ninth commandment teach us?
A62: To tell the truth and not to speak evil of others (Psalm 15:1-3; Zechariah 8:16; 1Corinthians 13:6; James 4:11).
Q63: What is the tenth commandment?
A63: The tenth commandment is, “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house; you shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male servant, or his female servant, or his ox, or his donkey, or anything that is your neighbor’s” (Exodus 20:17; Deuteronomy 5:21; Romans 7:7).
Q64: What does the tenth commandment teach us?
A64: To be content with what we have (Philippians 4:11; 1Timothy 6:6-8; Hebrews 13:5).
Q65: Can any man keep the ten commandments?
A65: No mere man, since the fall of Adam, ever did or can keep the ten commandments perfectly (Proverbs 20:9; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:19-20; James 2:10; 1 John 1:8-10).
Q66: Of what use are the ten commandments to us?
A66: They teach us our duty, make clear our condemnation, and show us our need of a Saviour (1Timothy 1:8-11; Romans 3:20; Galatians 3:24).
Q67: Does God condemn all men?
A67: No. Though he could justly have done so he has graciously entered into a covenant to save many (Romans 3:19-20; Romans 3:23-25; John 17:11-12; Isaiah 53:11).
PART III: QUESTIONS ABOUT SALVATION
Q68: What is a covenant?
A68: A covenant is an agreement between two or more persons (e.g., 1 Samuel 18:3; Matthew 26:14-15).
Q69: What is the covenant of grace?
A69: It is an eternal agreement within the Trinity to save certain persons called the elect, and to provide all the means for their salvation (Genesis 17:1-8; Romans 11:27; Hebrews 10:16; Hebrews 13:20-21; Jeremiah 31:31-34; Ezra 36:25-28).
Q70: What did Christ undertake in the covenant of grace?
A70: Christ undertook to keep the whole law for his people, and to suffer the punishment due to their sins (Galatians 4:4-5; Hebrews 6:17-20; Hebrews 7:22; Hebrews 9:14-15; Hebrews 13:20-21).
Q71: Did our Lord Jesus Christ ever sin?
A71: No. He was holy, blameless, and undefiled (Hebrews 7:26; Luke 23:47; Hebrews 4:15; 1Peter 2:22; 1John 3:5).
Q72: How could the Son of God suffer?
A72: Christ, the Son of God, took flesh and blood, that he might obey and suffer as a man (John 1:14; Romans 8:3; Galatians 4:4; Philippians 2:7-8; Hebrews 2:14-17; Hebrews 4:15).
Q73: What is meant by the atonement?
A73: The atonement consists of Christ’s satisfying divine justice, by his sufferings and death, in the place of sinners (Mark 10:45; Acts 13:38-39; Romans 3:24-26; Romans 5:8-9; 2Corinthians 5:19-21; Galatians 3:13; 1Peter 3:18).
Q74: For whom did Christ obey and suffer?
A74: Christ obeyed and suffered for those whom the Father had given him (Isaiah 53:8; Matthew 1:21; John 10:11; John 10:15-16, John 10:26-29; John 17:9; Hebrews 2:13).
Q75: What kind of life did Christ live on earth?
A75: Christ lived a life of perfect obedience to the law of God (Matthew 5:17; Romans 10:4; 1Peter 2:21-22).
Q76: What kind of death did Christ die?
A76: Christ experienced the painful and shameful death of the cross (Psalm 22; Isaiah 53).
Q77: Who will be saved?
A77: Only those who repent of sin and believe in Christ will be saved (Mark 1:15; Luke 13:3,5; Acts 2:37-41; Acts 16:30-31; Acts 20:21; Acts 26:20).
Q78: What is it to repent?
A78: Repentance involves sorrow for sin, leading one to hate and forsake it because it is displeasing to God (Luke 19:8-10; Romans 6:1-2; 2Corinthians 7:9-11; 1Thessalonians 1:9-10).
Q79: What is it to believe in Jesus Christ?
A79: A person believes who knows that his only hope is Christ and trusts in Christ alone for salvation (John 14:6; Acts 4:12; 1Timothy 2:5; 1John 5:11, 12).
Q80: How were godly persons saved before the coming of Christ?
A80: They believed in the Saviour to come (John 8:56; Galatians 3:8-9; 1Corinthians 10:1-4; Hebrews 9:15; Hebrews 11:13).
Q81: How did they show their faith?
A81: They offered sacrifices according to God’s commands (Exodus 24:3-8; 1Chronicles 29:20-25; Hebrews 9:19-23; Hebrews 10:1; Hebrews 11:28).
Q82: What did these sacrifices represent?
A82: They were symbolic of Christ, the Lamb of God, who was to die for sinners (Exodus 12:46; cf. John 19:36; Hebrews 9; Hebrews 10; John 1:29; 1Corinthians 5:7; 1Peter 1:19).
Q83: What does Christ do for his people?
A83: He does the work of a prophet, a priest, and a king (Hebrews 1:1-3; Revelation 1:5; Matthew 13:57; Hebrews 5:5-10; John 18:37).
Q84: How is Christ a prophet?
A84: He teaches us the will of God, reveals God to us, and really was God in human flesh. (Deuteronomy 18:15; Deuteronomy 18:18; John 1:18; John 4:25; John 14:23-24; 1John 5:20).
Q85: Why do you need Christ as a prophet?
A85: Because I am ignorant (Job 11:7; Matthew 11:25-27; John 6:67-69; John 17:25-26; 1Corinthians 2:14-16; 2Corinthians 4:3-6).
Q86: How is Christ a priest?
A86: He died for our sins and prays to God for us (Psalm 110:4; 1Timothy 2:5-6; Hebrews 4:14-16; Hebrews 7:24-25; 1John 2:1-2).
Q87: Why do you need Christ as a priest?
A87: Because I am guilty (Proverbs 20:9; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:19-23; Hebrews 10:14; Hebrews 10:27-28; 1John 1:8-9).
Q88: How is Christ a king?
A88: He rules over us and defends us (Psalm 2:6-9; Matthew 28:18-20; Ephesians 1:19-23; Colossians 1:13; Colossians 1:18; Revelation 15:3-4).
Q89: Why do you need Christ as a king?
A89: Because I am weak and helpless (John 15:4-5; 2Corinthians 12:9; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11; Jude 24-25).
Q90: What did God the Father undertake in the covenant of grace?
A90: By His goodness and mercy, God the Father elected, and determined to justify, adopt and sanctify those for whom Christ should die (Exodus 33:18-19; Ephesians 1:3-5; Romans 8:29-33; Galatians 4:4-7; Hebrews 10:9-10; 1Corinthians 1:8-9; Philippians 1:6; 1Thessalonians 4:3; 1Thessalonians 4:7; 1Thessalonians 5:23-24).
Q91: What is election?
A91: It is God’s goodness as revealed in his grace by choosing certain sinners for salvation (Ephesians 1:3-4; 1Thessalonians 1:4; 1Peter 1:1-2).
Q92: What is justification?
A92: It is God’s regarding sinners as if they had never sinned and granting them righteousness (Zechariah 3:1-5; Romans 3:24-26; Romans 4:5; Romans 5:17-19; Romans 8:33; 2Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 8:12; Philippians 3:9).
Q93: What is righteousness?
A93: It is God’s goodness as revealed in his law, and as honored in Christ’s perfect obedience to that law (Exodus 33:19; Exodus 34:6; Psalm 33:5; Hosea 3:5; Romans 11:22).
Q94: Can anyone be saved by his own righteousness?
A94: No. No one is good enough for God (Proverbs 20:9; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:10-23; Ephesians 2:8-10; Philippians 3:8-9).
Q95: What is adoption?
A95: It is God’s goodness in receiving sinful rebels as his beloved children (John 1:12; Ephesians 1:5; Ephesians 5:1; Galatians 4:7, Galatians 4:31; 1 John 3:1-3).
Q96: What is sanctification?
A96: In sanctification God makes sinners holy in heart and conduct so that they will demonstrate his goodness in their lives (John 17:17; Ephesians 2:10; Ephesians 4:22-24; Philippians 2:12-13; 1Thessalonians 5:23).
Q97: Is the process of sanctification ever complete in this life?
A97: No. It is certain and continual, but is complete only in heaven (Philippians 3:12-15; 2Peter 1:4-8; 1John 3:1-3).
Q98: What hinders the completion of sanctification in this life?
A98: The Scripture says, “The flesh lusts against the Spirit so that you cannot do the things you would” (Galatians 5:17).
Q99: Since we are by nature sinful, how can one ever desire to be holy and to gain heaven where God lives?
A99: Our hearts must be changed before we can be fit for heaven (Ephesians 4:17-24; Colossians 3:5-12).
Q100: Who can change a sinner's heart?
A100: Only the Holy Spirit can change a sinner’s heart (John 3:3; Romans 8:6-11; 1Corinthians 2:9-14; 2Thessalonians 2:13-14; Titus 3:5-6).
Q101: What did the Holy Spirit undertake in the covenant of grace?
A101: He regenerates, baptizes, and seals those for whom Christ has died (Ephesians 2:1-8; 1Corinthians 12:13; Ephesians 1:13-14; Ephesians 4:30; 2Corinthians 1:22).
Q102: What is regeneration?
A102: It is a change of heart that leads to true repentance and faith (Galatians 5:22; Ephesians 2:5-8; 2Thessalonians 2:13).
Q103: Can you repent and believe in Christ by your own power?
A103: No. I can do nothing good without God’s Holy Spirit (John 3:5-6; John 6:44; Romans 8:2-11; 1Corinthians 2:9-14; Galatians 5:17-18; Ephesians 2:4-6).
Q104: How does the Holy Spirit baptize believers?
A104: He puts them into the body of Christ by making them a living part of all those who truly believe in Him (1Corinthians 12).
Q105: How does the Holy Spirit seal believers?
A105: He comes to live within them to guarantee that they will receive the wonders God has promised those who love Him (Romans 8:9-11; Ephesians 1:13-14; Ephesians 4:30; 2Timothy 1:9; 2Corinthians 1:22).
Q106: How can you receive the Holy Spirit?
A106: God has told us that we must pray to him for the Holy Spirit (Luke 11:9-13; John 4:10; John 16:24); but the evidence of His presence is seen most clearly in our trusting and loving the Lord Jesus Christ( Luke 12:8-10; John 3:3-5; John 3:16-21; 14:17-21; 1Corinthians 12:3; 1Peter 1:2; 1John 5:6-12).
PART IV: QUESTIONS ABOUT PRAYER
Q107: What is prayer?
A107: Prayer is talking with God (Genesis 17:22; Genesis 18:33; Nehemiah 1:4-11; Nehemiah 2:4; Matthew 6:6; Romans 8:26-27)
Q108: In whose name should we pray?
A108: We should pray in the name of the Lord Jesus (John 14:13-14; John 16:23-24; Hebrews 4:14-16).
Q109: What has Christ given to teach us how to pray?
A109: The Lord’s Prayer (Matthew 6:5-15; Luke 11:1-13).
Q110: Can you repeat the Lord's Prayer?
A110: “Our Father which art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come. Thy will be done in earth, as it is in Heaven. Give us this day our daily bread. And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil: For thine is the kingdom, the power, and the glory, for ever and ever. Amen.”
Q111: How many petitions are there in the Lord's Prayer?
Q112: What is the first petition?
A112: “Hallowed be thy name” (Matthew 6:9; Luke 11:2).
Q113: What do we pray for in the first petition?
A113: That God’s name may be honored by us and all men (Psalm 8:1; Psalm 72:17-19; Psalm 113:1-3; Psalm 145:21; Isaiah 8:13).
Q114: What is the second petition?
A114: “Thy kingdom come” (Matthew 6:10; Luke 11:2).
Q115: What do we pray for in the second petition?
A115: That the gospel may be preached in all the world, and believed and obeyed by us and all men (Matthew 28:19-20; John 17:20-21; Acts 8:12; Acts 28:30-31; 2Thessalonians 3:1).
Q116: What is the third petition?
A116: “Thy will be done in earth, as it is in heaven” (Matthew 6:10; Luke 11:2).
Q117: What do we pray for in the third petition?
A117: That men on earth may serve God as the angels do in Heaven (Psalm 67; Psalm 103:19-22; John 9:31; Revelation 4:11).
Q118: What is the fourth petition?
A118: “Give us this day our daily bread” (Matthew 6:11; Luke 11:3).
Q119: What do we pray for in the fourth petition?
A119: That God will give us all things needful for our bodies (Psalm 145:15-16; Proverbs 30:8-9; 1Timothy 4:4-5).
Q120: What is the fifth petition?
A120: “And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive them that trespass against us” (Matthew 6:12; Luke 11:4).
Q121: What do we pray for in the fifth petition?
A121: That God will pardon our sins, and help us to forgive those who have sinned against us (Psalm 51: Matthew 5:23-24; Matthew 18:21-35; 1John 4:20-21).
Q122: What is the sixth petition?
A122: ‘And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil” (Matthew 6:13; Luke 11:4).
Q123: What do we pray for in the sixth petition?
A123: That God will keep us from sin (1Chronicles 4:10; Psalm 119:11; Matthew 26:41).
PART V: QUESTIONS ABOUT THE WORD, THE CHURCH, AND THE ORDINANCES
Q124: How does the Holy Spirit bring us to salvation?
A124: He uses the Bible, which is the Word of God (1Thessalonians 1:5-6; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; 2Timothy 3:15-16; James 1:18; 1Peter 1:22-23).
Q125: How can we know the Word of God?
A125: We are commanded to hear, read and search the Scriptures (1Peter 2:2; Revelation 3:22; Matthew 21:42; Matthew 22:29; 2Timothy 3:14-17).
Q126: What is a church?
A126: A church is an assembly of baptized believers joined by a covenant of discipline and witness who meet together regularly under the preaching of the Word of God (Matthew 18:20; Acts 2:42).
Q127: What two ordinances did Christ give to his church?
A127: Baptism and the Lord’s Supper (Matthew 28:19; 1Corinthians 11:24-26).
Q128: Why did Christ give these ordinances?
A128: To show that his disciples belong to him, and to remind them of what he has done for them (Matthew 28:19; 1Corinthians 11:24-26).
Q129: What is baptism?
A129: The dipping of believers into water, as a sign of their union with Christ in his death, burial, and resurrection (John 3:23; Acts 2:41; Acts 8:12, Acts 8:35-38; Colossians 2:12).
Q130: What is the purpose of baptism?
A130: Baptism testifies to believers that God has cleansed them from their sins through Jesus Christ (Acts 22:16; Colossians 2:11-14).
Q131: Who are to be baptized?
A131: Only those who repent of their sins and believe in Christ for salvation should be baptized (Acts 2:37-41; Acts 8:12; Acts 18:8; Acts 19:4-5).
Q132: Are babies to be baptized?
A132: No; because the Bible neither commands it, nor gives any example of it.
Q133: What is the Lord's Supper?
A133: At the Lord’s Supper, the church eats bread and drinks wine to remember the sufferings and death of Christ (Mark 14:22-24; 1Corinthians 11:23-29).
Q134: What does the bread represent?
A134: The bread represents the body of Christ, broken for our sins (Matthew 26:26; 1Corinthians 11:24).
Q135: What does the wine represent?
A135: The wine represents the blood of Christ, shed for our salvation (Matthew 26:27-28; 1Corinthians 11:25).
Q136: Who should partake of the Lord's Supper?
A136: The Lord’s Supper is for those only who repent of their sins, believe in Christ for salvation, receive baptism, and love their fellow men (Matthew 5:21-24; 1Corinthians 10:16-17; 1Corinthians 11:18-33; 1John 3:24-27; 1John 4:9-11).
PART VI: QUESTIONS ABOUT THE LAST THINGS
Q137: Did Christ remain in his tomb after the resurrection?
A137: No. He rose from the tomb on the third day after his death (Luke 24:45-47; 1Corinthians 15:3, 4).
Q138: Where is Christ now?
A138: Christ is in heaven, seated at the right hand of God the Father (Romans 8:34; Colossians 3:1; Hebrews 1:3; Hebrews 10:12; Hebrews 12:2).
Q139: Will Christ come again?
A139: Yes. At the last day he will come to judge the world (Matthew 25:31-43; 2Thessalonians 1:7-10; 2Timothy 4:1).
Q140: What happens to men when they die?
A140: The body returns to dust, and the soul goes to be with God or to a place of suffering and waiting for judgment (Genesis 3:19; Ecclesiastes 12:7; 2Corinthians 5:1-6; Hebrews 12:22,23; Philippians 1:23; 2Peter 2:9; Romans 2:5).
Q141: Will the bodies of the dead be raised to life again?
A141: Yes. ‘There shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust’ (Acts 24:14-15; John 5:28-29; Daniel 12:2).
Q142: What will happen to the wicked in the day of judgment?
A142: They shall be cast into hell (Psalm 9:16-17; Luke 12:5; Romans 2:8-12; 2Thessalonians 1:8-9; Revelation 20:12-15).
Q143: What is hell?
A143: Hell is a place of dreadful and endless punishment (Matthew 25:46; Mark 9:43-48; Luke 16:19-31).
Q144: What will happen to the righteous on the day of judgment?
A144: They shall live with Christ for ever, Jn a new heaven and a new earth (Isaiah 66:22; 1Thessalonians 4;16-17; 2 Peter 3:10-13; Revelation 21:1-4).
Q145: In light of these truths, what shall I do?
A145: I should strive with all my energy to repent of sin and believe savingly in the Lord Jesus Christ (Luke 13:23-24; John 6:27; Acts 16:31).