These notes accompany The Test of Faith found at https://www.sermonaudio.com/sermoninfo.asp?m=t&s=1010201249227823

The Typology:  Isaac in this account is a type of Christ, and this whole scene is a type of the crucifixion. 

  • Beloved Son: Gen. 22:2; Matt. 17:5, 3:17; Mark 1:11, 9:7, 12:6; Luke 3:22, 20:13; Col. 1:13; 2 Peter 1:17.  See also John 3:35, 5:20, 8:42, 10:17, 15:9-10, 17:24, and 1 John 3:1.
  • Only Son:  Gen. 22:12, 16; John 1:14, 3:16-18; Heb. 11:17; 1 John 4:9.
  • Land of Moriah:   Meaning, “chosen by Jehovah”; Mount Moriah is the mount on the eastern edge of Jerusalem on which Solomon built the temple. Genesis 22:2; 2 Chronicles 3:1. 
  • Abraham resolved immediately to obey God, so Isaac was effectively dead at the start, and received back “on the third day,” when a ram was provided in his place just as Jesus was in the grave 3 days then rose again. Genesis 22:4; Hebrews 11:19.
  • Abraham and Isaac alone ascend the hill as God the Father and Jesus alone accomplish the crucifixion.  Genesis 22:5; Mark 14:27.
  • The son carried the wood as Jesus carried the cross up the same hill. Genesis 22:6; John 19:17.
  • A lamb was expected for a sacrifice.  Genesis 22:7-8; John 1:29, 36; Revelation 5:6, 7:10, 7:17, 14:4, 15:3, 21:23.  And one was provided by God himself!  Genesis 22:8; Rom. 8:32; Eph. 5:2; Heb. 10:5.

Biblical Typologies

  • Help the scriptures to be ‘self authenticating’ by providing a type that can only be understood when the anti-type appears. 
  • Serve as an outline or “shadow” of Jesus or some other important biblical truth. 
  • Never introduce new information.
  • Never contain significance in every detail.
  • Some examples:  The animal slain for Adam and Eve’s clothing, Abel, the Ark, Noah, Isaac, Joseph, the Rock, the Living Water, the Bread (Manna), the Bronze Serpent, the Tabernacle, the Temple, the Sabbath, the Feasts, the Cities of Refuge, David, other leaders, the Bridegroom, and more. 

The Test

  • God tested Abraham. Genesis 22:1-19; Exodus 20:20; Job 1-2; Luke 8:13; Hebrews 2:18, 4:15; 1 Peter 1:6; James 1:2. 
  • Abraham passed the test by faith. Genesis 21:12; Hebrews 11:1, 17-19; Romans 4:16-25.

The Faith

  • “The righteous shall live by faith.”  Habakkuk 2:4; Romans 1:17; Gal. 3:11; Heb 10:38; John 3:36.
  • Abraham increased his faith by:
    • Obeying God.
    • Frequent reminders of the promises of God.
    • Recognizing the work of God even in his own disobedience. 

The Lessons

  • We can increase our faith by obedience and revelation.
  • The love of the Father and the Son combine to bring us salvation. 
  • God will provide for himself the lamb for a burnt offering. 

Response:  My next step of obedience is to…

Suggested Hymns

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