These notes accompany the sermon found here.
The Old and New Covenants
- Israel would fail to keep the covenant. Deuteronomy 29:25, 30:1, 31:16, 31:20; Joshua 24:19; Jeremiah 11:7-10, 22:9; Isaiah 24:5; Hebrews 8:9;
- A New Covenant would come. Deuteronomy 10:16, 30:6; Jeremiah 4:4, 31:31-34, 32:40; Ezekiel 11:19, 36:26, 37:26; Joel 2:28-29; Isaiah 6:1-7; Acts 2; Romans 2:29; Hebrews 8:1-10:18; Matthew 26:28; 2 Corinthians 3:6, 11:25.
- Israel failed in the Old Covenant because it did not change their hearts. 29:4; Isaiah 6:9-10, 63:17; Matthew 13:11-15; John 12:37-40; Acts 28:26-27; Romans 11:7-10;
- The New Covenant would bring Obedience by the Holy Spirit changing hearts. 30:6, 10; John 14:15.
Obedience in the New Covenant
- A New Commandment: Love one another. John 13:34-35.
- Believe in God, and in Jesus Christ. John 14:1; Deuteronomy 6:5.
- He who loves Jesus keeps His commandments. John 14:15, 21-24; Deuteronomy 11:1, 13, 30:16.
- He will not leave us as orphans. John 14:18; Hebrews 13:5; Deuteronomy 31:6, 8; Joshua 1:5.
- Jesus is worthy of worship.
- Jesus is the only way to be saved.
Some Purposes of the Old Covenant:
- To reveal God.
- To reveal the problem:
- To provide a law code for Christ to fulfill. Matthew 5:17
- To provide prophecies for Christ to fulfill.
- To provide typologies and shadows of Christ to prove his identity and explain his person and work.
- To reveal the solution: Inner change initiated by God.
Some things to consider:
- How did Jesus fulfill the covenants through Adam, Noah, Abraham, Israel, and David?
- How did Jesus fulfill the role as priest? As mediator of a New Covenant (as Moses was to the old)? Hint: See the book of Hebrews!